|35 STARS IN A MEDALLION CONFIGURATION WITH A LARGE, HALOED CENTER STAR, CIVIL WAR PERIOD, WEST VIRGINIA STATEHOOD, 1863-65
|Frame Size (H x L):||26.5" x 39.5"|
|Flag Size (H x L):||20.25" x 28"|
|35 star American national parade flag, printed on cotton. The stars are arranged in what is known as a medallion configuration. This particular variation consists of two wreaths of stars with a star in the very center and a star in each corner. Perhaps the best design characteristic, however, is the large center star that features what flag collectors have termed a “halo” (the outline around the perimeter). The scale of the flag is also rather large among its counterparts, which contributes a great deal to its desirability. The combination of the size, star pattern, and haloed center star result in what is one of the boldest, wreath pattern, Civil War era, parade flag designs.
In addition to these facts, there are far more parade flags known in the 34 star count, which was used during the opening two years of the war, than in the 35 star count, which became official in July of 1863. Although 35 remained the official star count until July 4th, 1865, following the war’s end, most flag making, especially that which was not under military contract, would have included a 36th star upon the addition of Nevada on October 31st, 1864. This means that 35 star flags were realistically produced for less than a year-and-a-half. Scarcity is thus one reason why 35 star parade flags are so interesting, and another is the fact that they are often larger and more visual, with elaborate star configurations.
Although the maker that produced these flags is unknown, parade flags with a haloed center star exist in at least five other star counts including 30, 31, 34, 36, and 42. Four examples also exist, probably from different makers, that bear 13 stars. One dates to 1856 and was made for the presidential campaign of James Buchanan. Another was made for the 1860 presidential campaign of Abraham Lincoln, and another for that of John Bell, who ran against Lincoln as an independent, on the Constitutional Union Party ticket. Another style, printed on a wool and cotton blended fabric, dates to the 1876 centennial and all of its 13 stars have halos.
Mounting: The flag was mounted and framed within our own conservation department, which is led by expert staff. We take great care in the mounting and preservation of flags and have framed thousands of examples.
The black-painted and hand-gilded molding, with its broad, early American profile, is Italian. The background is 100% cotton twill, black in color. The glazing is U.V. protective plexiglass.
Condition: There is minor loss with associated fraying along the top and fly edges. There are tack holes with associated rust staining and modest to moderate vertical splits along the hoist end, where the flag was once tacked to its original, split wooden staff. There are very minor holes and losses in the white stripes. There is some misprinting in both the blue and the red pigments. There is modest to moderate soiling throughout both the canton and the striped field, the most significant of which is below the canton, near the hoist, and in a backwards diagonal strip just towards the fly end from the center of the flag. Many of my clients prefer early flags to show their age and history of use.
|Collector Level:||Advanced Collectors and the Person with Everything|
|Flag Type:||Parade flag|
|Earliest Date of Origin:||1863|
|Latest Date of Origin:||1865|
|War Association:||1861-1865 Civil War|
|Price:||Please call (717) 676-0545 or (717) 502-1281|