|U.S. NAVY COMMISSION PENNANT WITH 7 STARS, A 4 FT. EXAMPLE, WWI-WWII ERA (1917-1945)
|Frame Size (H x L):||In the neighborhood of 15.5" x 26"|
|Flag Size (H x L):||2.5 x 49.25" unfurled|
|7 star, nautical, ship's commission pennant, made sometime in the period between WWI (U.S. involvement 1917-18) and WWII (U.S. involvement 1941-1945).
Commissioning pennants are the distinguishing mark of a commissioned U.S. Navy ship. A ship became commissioned when this pennant was hoisted. Flown during both times of peace and war, the only time the pennant is not flown is if a flag officer or civilian official is aboard and replaces it with their own flag.
Commissioning pennants were once very important in their role as signals and thus needed to be seen from great distance. During the 18th and 19th centuries, they usually exceed ten feet in length, with some reaching as long as a hundred feet. Sometime around 1910, the function of commission pennants leaned away from identification and more toward ceremony and custom. By WWI (U.S. involvement 1917-18) most ranged between just four feet (like this example) and six feet in length. Today the largest commissioning pennants measure two-and-a-half inches by six feet.
Note that there are two sizes of stars, 4 larger and 3 smaller. This is typical of the form, but it is interesting to note that, according to the U.S. Navy, the reason for the choice of 7 stars was not recorded.
Early on, commission pennants had a number of stars equal to that on the national flag. As more and more states joined the Union, however, it became impractical to use the full complement of stars, especially on smaller examples. During the mid-late 19th century, many substituted 13 stars for the full count, to reflect the original colonies. This mirrored the star count used by the Navy on most of the Stars & Stripes flags that it flew on small craft. "U.S. Navy small boat ensigns," as they are called, most often had 13 stars.
In the latter half of the 19th century, the smallest examples sometimes displayed just 7 stars. By WWI, all shared the 7 star count. I once suspected this the number might reference the "7 Seas", though this is an ancient term and geographers disagree on the precise meaning. The number may just as likely have represented what seemed like a logical design choice when the overall length was substantially shortened.
This particular pennant was made sometime between WWI and WWII. The body of the flag is made of wool bunting. The cotton stars are appliquéd with a zigzag, machine stitch. The blue fabric was rolled over to create the hoist. This is lined with cotton on the interior for support and there is a single, white metal grommet. The number "7" is stenciled on the 1st star on the obverse. This was a size designation for U.S. Navy commission pennants.
Mounting: The pennant was folded back-and-forth in an interesting zigzag fashion. It was mounted and framed within our own conservation department, which is led by expert staff. We take great care in the mounting and presentation of flags and have preserved thousands of examples.
The background fabric is hemp. The cove shaped molding has a very dark brown finish, almost black, with red undertones and highlights. To this a hand-gilded and distressed Italian molding was added as a liner. The glazing is U.V. protective glass. Feel free to contact us for more details.
Condition: There is minor mothing in the body of the pennant and there are modest losses in the forked tail at the fly end.
|Collector Level:||Beginners and Holiday Gift Giving|
|Flag Type:||Sewn flag|
|Earliest Date of Origin:||1917|
|Latest Date of Origin:||1945|
|War Association:||WW 2|
|Price:||Please call (717) 676-0545 or (717) 502-1281|